笔刷和工具

笔刷手势

To use a tool, just tap on it and start sketching. Tilt and pressure are supported with some styli (like Apple Pencil) and with some tools (each tool is a bit different), and will happen naturally as you tilt or press on the screen. Try them out and see which you like best.

As mentioned in the Tool Wheel section, the middle ring allows you to adjust the active brush’s size (how big it is), opacity (how transparent it is), and smoothing (how bumpy or smooth you want your line to appear once it’s drawn. 0% is no smoothing, 100% gives you a perfectly straight line between your starting and ending points no matter how wriggly you get. Great for train rides and polishing any hand drawn lines.) Tap on one of these options to bring up your presets, or for a shortcut, just drag across it with your finger to adjust.

进入笔刷菜单:再次点击激活工具,或双击非激活工具。

笔刷菜单

In the Brushes menu, you can configure your tools with the bigger picture in mind. Up at the top is your brush viewer, which actively changes according to your settings. You can even draw inside it yourself and try out the tool.

Below the viewer you can find the brushes you’ve used in the current drawing. Then under My Brushes, find the basic set of tools (non-editable), where you can select from a variety of organic or engineering brushes. You also have the ability to create your own brushes (more on this below) and purchase brushes from the Brush Market. Any brush or brush pack that you create will be shown in My Brushes and all the purchased ones will be available in a section called Purchased.

Scroll down further and you’ll find the Brush Market, with different types of artistic brush libraries that you can unlock with credits, the same as with object libraries (or if you’re subscribed, you have open access). These are carefully crafted, editable stamp-based brushes with all the vector maneuverability.

基本笔刷和工具

钢笔、喷泉、定宽

Pens are most widely used in sketching when you want to make a statement or reflect permanence. Our Pen and Fountain Pen tools react to velocity to vary their line width - draw fast to get a thicker stroke. Our Dynamic Pen reacts to pressure. The Fixed Width Pen does what it says on the tin - it maintains a constant width from cap to cap.

线条

该项工具使用起来比较类似传统CAD或矢量程序;无论放大还是缩小画布,线宽始终保持不变,是绘制线框的不二选择,适合用于制作CAD绘图、透视布局等。 “线条”工具绘制出的设计图导出为SVG格式后传到其他矢量程序使用相同干净利落的线条继续编辑。

软铅笔&硬铅笔

Slightly different in texture and feel, these traditional sketching tools are modeled on real pencils. They react naturally to tilt, pressure and velocity with a supported active stylus like Apple Pencil. For great shading, tilt your stylus like you would a real pencil.

记号笔

Have you ever used a COPIC marker? Our markers have the same texture, transparency and edge that these popular markers have, making them great for highlighting, texturing and illustration work. Give yourself a wide tip or a narrow one, or increase / decrease the opacity to your liking.

水彩笔

This artistic wet brush blends beautifully with consecutive watercolor strokes in the same layer. Within a single layer, you can interrupt the blending by using other types of strokes in between (like Pen). You can use the eraser tool (below) to mask different pieces without affecting the blending. Enjoy using this brush with infinite Layers for an organic, dry edge effect.

喷枪

喷枪笔刷细微的纹理和柔和的边缘流淌在画布上,如同真实的介质。非常受涂鸦画家欢迎,适合画高亮和喷色。为您的设计作品尽情润色吧!

填充

Not to be confused with Bucket Fill (which we’re currently working on - lots of definitional bits to think about with the interactive parameters of vector strokes), the Filled Stroke tool is a brush unique to Concepts. It allows you to draw any type of shape - simple, wriggly, complex - with a stylus or finger, and fill the positive space inside.

“Positive space” refers to any area inside your drawn line between start and end point that is original to the stroke - as in, the area hasn’t been drawn over a second time during the same stroke. This crossing over of filled area causes it to become “negative space” and remain empty. Of course, if you draw over the area a third time within the same stroke, it becomes positive again and is filled.

Your resulting fill is a smooth, clean finish, customizable with opacity. Excellent for shadows, light, and complex figures, we think you’ll appreciate the possibilities this brush offers your design + art toolkit.

Troubleshooting. Since Fill takes into account the start and end points of your line, make sure Line Smoothing is set below 100%.Otherwise your shape will disappear into a line or a point as though the rest of the stroke never happened. Also check that your transparency is above 0%, or like all strokes it may disappear, only to be found when Selecting in the area.

For a fun tutorial on the Filled Stroke tool, check out Drawing Shapes Instead of Lines: 8 Exercises for Filled Stroke.

虚线

非常适合用于注释、画不完整边界等。虚线是线条,而不是由成千上百的点组成。将它视为拥有纹理感的线条,易受色彩、透明度和平滑度的影响。

选取

The Selection tool can be added to any of your tool slots and has two modes: a single-select Item Picker and a multi-select Lasso. Toggle between these two options using the popup at the bottom of your canvas, or put a second finger down anywhere to temporarily toggle the mode.

您如果不想要在切换工具(比如铅笔)的同时开启选取工具,可通过在画布长按来激活选取工具。您也可以在压感笔设定中将选取设定为手指动作。请查看选取来了解更多关于此工具的信息。

微移

The Nudge tool allows you to push and pull your lines about like a piece of string. Touch your stylus directly onto a stroke and drag it to pull it. To push a line, touch your stylus away from a line and watch the circular nib appear, then nudge at your line. You can adjust the size of the tool using the size preset in the tool wheel. Use a smaller size and zoom in to nudge tight corners, use a larger size and zoom out to nudge gentler curves.

We have an illustrated tutorial on using the Nudge tool here.

We have a great video tutorial on creating icons with Nudge here.

平移

Whether you want to showcase your work to your client or just pan through your infinite canvas, you can use the Pan aka View Only tool. It allows you to pan and zoom without accidentally selecting or changing anything in your drawing.

文字

文字标签是一种在绘图中添加注释的简单明了的方法。您可以用操控其他线条和图像的方法来操控文字。

  1. 打开文字工具,可能文字工具已经在工具转轮(栏)或需要您从笔刷菜单选中它。
  2. 点击屏幕上的任何地方添加一个新的文本标签。键盘这时会打开,您可以输入或粘贴文本进去,然后点击完成即可。

选中文字标签,然后点击弹出的文字标签按钮,会将您带回到键盘页面编辑文字。

You can select and modify the appearance of your text label just like you’d select any other stroke. Select the text, then change its color or opacity via the tool wheel, use the Selection popups to rotate, flip, scale, group, lock, delete it (etc), or use the control points to stretch your text into Star Wars-like perspectives and align it with your drawing.

概念画板支持所有您当前设备可输入的语言,也包含emoji。目前我们仅有一种字体(苹方字体),但是我们计划在未来添加文字字体选取功能。

切割

The Slice tool is about as close to a real eraser as you’ll get in the vector world. It’s not exactly a pixel eraser... you can’t rub away edges of strokes, but you can cut strokes into pieces - redefining them into separate, independent strokes - and erase aka destroy your vector data by sliding the puck across them.

切割的尺寸是可调整的。调大能“擦除”大块内容,或者调小保留精确的切口,然后选中和删除多余的部分。

You can also set the size to zero and divide your strokes without chopping away at their length (handy for strokes that use exact measurements). It might not appear that anything happened when you ran your puck through the line, but try selecting one end of the stroke and you’ll see that it was cut in two.

当切割的图形是填充所画时,可以外部边缘切割成形状并雕刻出完整的区域。

For a full tutorial on how to use Slice (and when to use it versus the Hard and Soft Erasers), check out The Slice Tool: Divide and Conquer Your Ideas.

柔角&硬角橡皮擦

In a traditional pixel-based world, erasers delete things permanently. But vectors aren’t pixels, they behave and remember data differently, and if you're comfortable with programs like Adobe Photoshop or Autodesk Sketchbook Pro, it may be easier to think of the Concepts erasers as masking tools. Our erasers visually remove anything underneath them, but the data isn't actually gone. You can still retrieve old strokes later, or adjust your mask as your drawings progress.

如果要彻底擦除线条,请使用长按手势来选中,然后使用“删除”按钮,或者使用切割工具修剪不需要的部分。

双击橡皮擦按钮,会开启一个快速清除菜单。您可选择删除所有(清空当前图层/清除所有图层)或过滤式删除(清除所有线条/清除所有文本/清除所有图像)。

The erasers stay the same size regardless of your zoom level. This means the further you zoom inward, the smaller its effects will be - very useful for working with the details. You can also change the size of the eraser using the Size slider, and its effects will scale the same way.

硬角橡皮擦擦除的边缘是清晰干净利落;柔角橡皮擦适合与水彩笔刷等搭配使用,可以营造出柔和艺术感十足的边缘。

笔刷市场的笔刷

The brushes in our Brush Market are specialty brushes that add artistic texture to your drawings. These brushes are designed to work with our brush editor and use stamps and grains as their base. They are fully adjustable like all of our vector tools, but they differ from the basic brushes in that they’re created using pixel-based images or “stamps”.

The only place this might get in your way is if you are creating giant-sized posters where resolution matters. When you zoom in far enough, you start to see the pixels the stamps were created from. If this is an issue for you, stick with the Basic Brushes up top, and also avoid the Dynamic Pen, it’s also stamp-based. We hope to update this pen to act resolution-independent soon.

Any brush in the Brush Market can be edited. Tap “Edit” in the preview window at the top of the menu to bring up the brush editor. We recommend you duplicate the brush first and then make edits, but you can tap “Reset” at the top of the brush editor to restore the settings back to original at any time. You can alter the brush grain’s size and rotation here to match your project’s scale. Read more on editing your brushes and editor controls in Creating a Custom Brush below.

Memphis图案:仅需着色即可为您的作品添加各种有趣的图案。

外墙:将自然、逼真的外墙面用于设计中。请尝试使用不同类型的墙面,比如石材类墙、板面类墙,混凝土墙,石膏墙和钢墙。

色粉笔:捕捉数码颜料的微妙本质,套装包含干性色粉笔、油画色粉笔、粉笔、色粉铅笔和炭笔,笔触超逼真。

Pencils - These pencils complement the basic hard and soft pencils to give you a full set of traditional sketching pencils, including a 4B Solid Graphite, 2H Solid Graphite, Knife-Sharpened Pencil, Carpenter’s Pencil, round and square Graphite Sticks and a Mechanical Pencil.

钢笔:这些笔刷完善了您的墨汁画图套装,包含原子笔、中性笔、硬头毛笔、中硬度毛笔、软头毛笔、毡尖笔和毡尖记号笔。

喷漆:使用这些石墨涂料工具,可以为作品添加一些漂亮的飞溅和喷洒效果。包含精细喷漆、中头喷漆、大头喷漆、平头喷漆、侧喷和喷溅。

喷枪:喷枪笔刷柔和、顺滑而且平均,适合各种作品的涂色。包含硬喷枪、中硬度喷枪、软喷枪、动态喷枪和平头喷枪。

半色调:这些复古的半色调笔刷源自1890年代开始的印刷技术,能为您的漫画和插图添加一些古典风格。请在此阅读关于如何使用和编辑这些笔刷的更多信息。

制作一款自定义笔刷

You can create your own brushes in the Brush editor (with Subscription or Essentials). These brushes are image or “stamp” based brushes that you can apply pressure, tilt or velocity settings to, as well as spacing, scatter and rotation settings. You can create simple or deeper responsive brushes that fit your style very easily.

To create a brush, find the My Brushes section in the Brushes menu, tap + New Pack to create a new brush set, then tap the “Untitled” brush that appears in the set or tap Edit Brush up in the viewer. You’ll be brought to the Brush editor.

[左:在笔刷菜单中点击未命名的笔刷。右:进入笔刷编辑器。]

这里我们可以看到实时预览,下面是笔刷名称,然后是笔刷删除、复制和删除功能。

核心设置

Next you’ll find the Core Setup for your brush. You have two types of brushes to choose from - a Stamp brush and a Reveal brush. These function oppositely from each other in a fundamental way.

  • A Stamp brush creates a stamp using one or several images, and stacks these stamps on top of each other at intervals you set to create your brush texture. Think real-life ink stamps built on top of each other, repeating as they create a stroke.
  • A Reveal brush uses its image base to unmask a grain underneath. A good metaphor for this might be watercolor paint — it seeps into the textured paper to enhance the paper with pigment and reveal the texture further. The resulting stroke of this brush type is even and consistent, there is no “overlap” when a stroke doubles back on itself.

印章 & 纹理

Choose a brush type and then move down to Stamp & Grain. Here you’ll be able to upload images (JPG or PNG) to use as an image base for your brush. “Stamp” here refers to the image, not to the brush type above. We’ve created a complete tutorial on creating stamps and grains for your brushes here.

One of the hardest problems to solve with digital media is creating a truly random stroke like traditional tools can create - natural brush strokes and “happy accidents” are difficult to replicate. To help with this, we’ve given you the ability to import up to 9 stamps, more than any other professional illustration app. Stacking these stamps on top of each other can give you a wonderful level of depth, richness and randomness when combined with the other controls.

Import your stamp(s), then import your grain. The grain is a background image that adds additional texture to your brush. Grains work best when they are “seamless” - you don’t want to see the edges of the image when it repeats. Again, you can learn how to make a seamless grain here (and find an example to work with if you don’t want to create your own).

You can edit your grain’s rotation and scale using the sliders beneath the source image. If you check the box next to “Line up the grain position for every stroke”, you’ll lock in the grain so that it doesn’t overlap when you lift your stylus to color in further - it will appear as a seamless pattern on the canvas.

预设 & 动态

In Presets & Basic Dynamics, you’ll find the Size, Opacity and Smoothing presets that you’re used to from the main canvas, as well as variance graphs that help you to fine tune the brush action to your stylus’ pressure, tilt and velocity inputs.

  • Size. Use the size slider or tap+hold the preset field to enter a custom value to determine your brush’s median size. This is the size that in the graph is represented at the 100% line. Depending on how you adjust the variance for pressure etc, your brush will range around this size.
  • Opacity. The same principle applies to the Opacity slider and graph. Note that there isn’t a variance graph for opacity when the Reveal brush is selected, as when it draws over itself, it doesn’t build up opacity. You can still make the brush more transparent overall with the slider, but there is nothing to adjust during the stroke action itself.
  • 平滑度:平滑是基本的百分比预设,我们可以拉动滑条或长按4个预设值中的任意一个输入精准的数值。无变化区间图表。

对变化区间表进行调整

在进行调整之前,建议您在实时预览区域先画一条线。

1. 在预览上画一条线。2. 请注意区间图表内的白色范围。

While you draw, take a look at a graph: you’ll see a white area appear behind the bars while drawing. This is a live match to your brush stroke on the viewer, reflecting the range of pressure, tilt or velocity (depending on your selection) you are applying as you draw. As you adjust the bars in the graph, you’ll see the effects in the viewer. Experiment with these different types of input, and see what feels natural for the brush you’d like to create.

Typically, you want a nice smooth line upward or downward across the white range box. A pressure-sensitive fountain pen, for example, will start small and gradually increase in size depending on how hard you press the pen to the paper. You would use the Size preset with the Pressure dynamic for this pen, and draw a smooth line upward from the left side of the graph to the right side. It would look something like this:

如果想要笔触刚下笔时宽,而在压感变强或速度加快后变得更窄,可以将从左到右的竖格子按照从上到下递减设定。

Applying extreme ups and downs to the bars in the middle of a stroke represent “accidental” or “unexpected” variations to your brush stroke. You might like these if you’re feeling artistic — try a “rough” graph and see what happens to the stroke in the viewer.

然而,一般来说平稳一些是比较好的。只要沿着图表快速简单地向上递增或向下递减就可以了。

As you apply these settings to your brush, notice how it responds in the live viewer. If at any time you don’t like what’s going on, you can reset your graph. To reset a graph, double-tap the vertical value axis (1% — 1000%) beside it.

Notice that on the value axis, the bottom half of the graph is 1 - 100% (the size or opacity value you entered), whereas the upper half is 100 - 1000% - an exponential level larger. The majority of your graph will be within the bottom half of the graph, while continuing the stroke along past the 100% mark will create larger differences in your brush stroke in the viewer.

An additional note - the range on the white box for pressure is directly related to the pressure setting for your stylus in Settings -> Stylus. You can adjust this setting to between 30 and 70% for a nice clip your brush’s action.

图形控制

Now continue on to the Shape Controls. In this section, you can adjust the spacing, scatter and rotation of your stamps. Pay attention to the live viewer as you play with these controls and enjoy seeing the stamps respond to your adjustments.

With each of these controls, you’ll notice the handle is split down the middle. This allows you to create a range of random “jitter” for your shapes to appear in. When the handles are together, there is no jitter, they will appear along the stroke path with an even spacing or rotation etc. If you pull the handles apart, you create a range of randomness that the stamps can appear in.

  • 图形间距:让我们可以调整印章间的距离。分离手柄后可营造多一些的随机间距。
  • 图形分散:给印章一个围绕笔触路径的额外垂直区域,将印章分散开来。将分散滑块上的两只手柄分离开可以为印章图像营造随机的分散效果。
  • 图形旋转 :影响印章围绕笔触线的旋转情况。两只手柄分开会产生印章间不同的旋转情况。

Rotate Along Stroke Path. By default, your stroke follows the azimuth of the stylus, so if you turn your stylus upward or downward, the stroke will rotate along with it. If you want to disable this rotation, you can check this box.

高级设置

Finally, under Advanced Settings, you have the ability to define the layer your brush will appear in. Automatic layering separates your strokes by tool type, so defining your brush as a Pen, for example, will make the brush appear in the Pen layer along with any other Pen tool you’ve used in the drawing.

Tap on the layer label (“Custom” in the above image), and a keyboard along with several pre-set layer labels will appear. You can tap one of these options to define your brush as an Image, Pencil, Marker, Airbrush, Pen, Wire, Text, Fill, Watercolor or Custom tool type, set it to appear in your Active Layer, or enter in your own brush title.

We hope you enjoy creating your own brushes. It might appear overwhelming at first, but as you play and experiment with the editor, you’ll find it’s very simple and can give you very satisfying results.

For more practice, try our photo-based brush tutorial and create an easy brush using your own hand, face or other photograph. You can also try your hand at Creating an Acrylic-based Brush with ready-made stamps provided in the tutorial.

笔刷分享

With the team-sharing capability, you can share your custom-made brushes with any colleague or friend who has a free Concepts account. These are read-only brushes, non-editable by anyone except for you. Any change you make to a brush will update live on the accounts you’ve shared your brushes to.

Tap+hold the title of the brush pack you wish to share, tap Share, and find a link you can text or email along, or tap Share in the upper corner of the popup and send it off. At any time, you can unshare your pack.

导出笔刷套装

In addition to live sharing, you can export your brush packs to share them with your colleagues and friends. This feature is only available for users who have purchased Essentials or Subscription. To export a brush pack, go to your brush library and tap+hold on the pack you want to export. This initiates drag & drop, after which you can drag the pack to Files and drop it to your desired location. Only packs made by you can be exported.

If you want to share your brushes with the world via a store of your choice, you can do that, too. Some of our users already sell Concepts brushes on Creative Market and Gumroad. If you want to learn more about this or have a chance to promote your brushes in the Brush Market, let us know. Send us a message at concepts@concepts.app and we’ll help you.

导入笔刷

Pro套装(必不可少之功能)订阅用户都可使用该功能。

If you want to buy brushes made by our users or import brush packs made by your friends or colleagues, you can import them straight into your brush library. There are two ways of doing this: 1. Via the Import menu, and 2. Using the ‘Open In’ command in Files. For both options, start by saving the brush pack file to Files.

通过概念画板的导入菜单来导入套装:

  1. 点击画布上的“导入”,然后点击“更多”:
  2. 选择导入栏。
  3. 选择文件。
  4. 选择笔刷套装文件。
  5. 您将会收到一条关于笔刷套装已添加至您的笔刷库的信息。点击“OK”。
  6. 点击工具转轮(栏)中的激活工具会打开笔刷菜单。
  7. 向下滑动菜单。笔刷套装已添加至“已导入”下面。
  8. 一切就绪。选择心仪的笔刷开始创作吧!

从文件App中导入套装:

  1. 打开文件App,然后找到笔刷套装文件。
  2. 点击该文件后打开它。
  3. 点击右上角的导出图标。
  4. 选择“拷贝到概念画板”。
  5. 概念画板将会打开,您也将会收到一条关于笔刷套装已添加至您的笔刷库的信息。点击“OK”。
  6. 您可通过点击当前活动笔刷进入笔刷菜单来使用这些笔刷。
  7. 向下滑动菜单。笔刷套装已添加至“已导入”下面。
  8. 一切就绪。选择心仪的笔刷开始创作吧!

Note that the Imported brushes and Brush Market brushes behave a bit differently from the ones you have made yourself. If you have purchased Essentials or subscribed, you can duplicate and edit the brushes within the pack, but can’t move them out of that pack, to preserve the rights of the creator. If you accidentally edit the original brush, you can always reset it in the Brush editor.